Horse Facts & Information

The technical name for horses is Equines, which derives from their Latin name, Equus caballus. Donkeys, zebras, mules, the hinny and the Onager that is recognised as the Asian Wild Ass too, are very similar to horses.

Horse Facts & Information

Equines have been domesticated (trained) and reared by humans for more than 6000 years. They are generally very easy going and can be housed jointly with other creatures as friends – for example, sheep, goats, donkeys or cattle. They can get really emotionally involved with smaller animals, like cats. Dogs must be well trained and behave themselves to prevent accidents. This is because horses are certainly frightened by dogs.

Are you curious about what age a pony/horse reaches?

A 48 year old horse has been seen by a Vet at their practice! Generally they get to 30 years, and ponies frequently survive longer. You can guess their age by examining their incisors of their upper and lower jaws. However, it is incredibly difficult to tell their exact age from 12 onwards, because their teeth start to wear out a great deal.

Do you know the names of Equines are at the different stages of their lives?

All new baby-horses are called foals until they are 6 months old. After that they are referred to as yearlings, until they are 2 years old. A male horse it is called colt, providing it is under 4 years old, and then stallion once it over 4 years old. The majority of colts are castrated (removal of the testicles), as they are not planned to be utilised for reproducing and it makes them less difficult to control, ride or drive and keep. After their testicles have been castrated, they are called geldings. A young female pony or horse is known as a filly; she is called mare and after she reaches the age of 4.

Are you aware that Equines are incredibly social animals?

A group of ponies or horses are called herds. There is a clearly outlined pyramid or positioning amongst the animals in a herd, and the toughest, prominent female is called alpha mare. One horse can dwell alongside roughly 20 -25 mares in a regular herd.

Therefore, it is crucial to always keep a horse together with an extra buddy. They become incredibly lonely and suffer if they are kept on their own.

Can you communicate "Horse-ish"?

You might have already observed how equines talk to each other. Whinnying and neighing can be listened to, if you gallop away from extra horses or if they bump into each other. Mares communicate extremely different noises when they are nurturing a foal. Mysterious, soft noises, whickering can be heard during this time. Also you may have listened to it during feeding time from further horses. They use a disturbing snorting, in order to alert others of any danger in the herd. When two ponies meet, they snuffle each other and become incredibly happy. Normally you will hear a piercing and noisy screeching sound. They regularly face each other, yell and raise a front leg or back up and swirl round, ready to kick. A horse can articulate a deafening roar when a mare is in season. This is his reproducing call.

About "Devices" and Velocity

This list of horse facts would be incomplete if the different speeds or gaits, called: the gentlest is known as Walk, are ignored. Slightly faster than that is called the Trot. It can be difficult to sit the trot easily. The Canter is quicker than the trot, and the speediest stride is known as the Gallop. In addition, there are several breeds, such as the Icelandic pony, or occasionally the Trotter that are capable of performing a Toelt or Pace. These postures are really easy to sit!

Horse’s height measurement

Horses are measured on the highest point of the spine, known as the whither. This incredibly bony part of the spine is located directly at the end of the neck, where you generally attach the of saddle to. Their height is determined in centimetres or in hands (hh). A pony can get up to14.2 hh, a horse measures over 14.2 hh.

How much do you know about horse breeds?

There are numerous breeds in the world, and can be extremely diverse in colour, height and structure.

Thoroughbreds are raised for pasture and competing. Their colour is generally brown, or black. They can get to 14.2 – 17.2 hh.

The eldest strain of horses is the Arab. It is 14 – 15 hh and they arrive in the following colours: black, bay, brown, chestnut and grey. Their face is hollow, and their nostrils are incredibly large.

The contemporary athletic horse for dressage, performance-hopping and steering is a Warm blood, and you will have most definitely have learnt about certain popular breeds, like Hannoverian, Dutch Warm blood, Friesian, Olden burger, Trakehner. They are all effortlessly capable of growing to 17 – 18 hh. They are mainly black, brown, bay, chestnut and grey. Friesians are generally black.

Ponies tend to vary in shape and colour. For example, Shetland ponies can grow to 10-11 hh and are really diverse colour wise. see Shetland pony for more info.

Norwegian Fjords can grow up to 14.2hh and arrive in diverse shades of dun. Welsh ponies are classified as Welsh A, B, C and D. They are variable in colours and differ in size.

Draft horses, recognised as “Cold bloods” too, are heftier creatures with really robust necks and backs plus generally enormous hooves. The following are acknowledged as substantial breeds in the UK: Shire horse, the Clydesdale, Percheron and Suffolk Punch. See Heavy Horses in the UK for more info.

Hooves and Legs

Horses are capable of standing whilst they sleep without falling down! How amazing! This is achievable because their tendons attached to their bones and joints of the legs don’t tire easily. Contrary to this, our feet and limbs get tired very easily compared to horses and we have to sit or lie down to rest them.

Are you aware of what our comparable to a hoof is? The nail of our middle fingers and middle toes is the correct answer. Can you begin to picture just how painful it is, if a horse agonises from founder? It is as if you would have an inflamed nail bed.

What do you know about Equine Senses?

Equines do not sense their environment in the same way as humans. They have excellent senses, and this helps them to carry on surviving as hunter creatures in the wilderness. Their smell is greater than ours, their hearing is acuter, and they capable of turning their ears into several ways, and their eyes can be found on the side of the head. Therefore, they are capable of seeing far behind themselves, although not incredibly piercing. They intuitively run away when they perceive a threat!